2004 was a great year for theatrical anime releases in Japan. It brought us Hayao Miyazaki’s Howl’s Moving Castle, Katsuhiro Otomo’s Steamboy and, of course, Mamoru Oshii’s Ghost In The Shell 2: Innocence. However, most of the Japanese anime industry’s production, and what really sustains it, remains the television series, like Gundam Seed, Fullmetal Alchemist, and yes, Ghost In The Shell: Stand Alone Complex.
Ghost in the Shell: Stand Alone Complex was a big hit in 2003 and Japanese DVD sales did great, so the creative team at Production I.G. decided to bring out a second season (titled “2nd Gig”). Now fans can look forward to another 26 episodes of cyber-political intrigue and action.
I can easily imagine that director Kenji Kamiyama was under a great deal of stress, with his work being compared with Mamoru Oshii’s Innocence, and to meet the fans’ expectations after the first season! Despite the high stakes, the young director was up to the task and I think he did a marvellous job. The “2nd Gig” is even better and more intriguing than the first season. He succeeded totally in creating his own world, telling the story in his own personal style, and we don’t even feel the need to compare his series with Oshii’s movie. Each has its own merit.
Kamiyama not only respected Masamune Shirow’s original manga, but he gave it life by detailing, even more so than Oshii’s movies did, its near-futuristic setting defined by the interaction of humanity and technology in a complex Asian geo-political environment. His strong, captivating storytelling is very well supported by the superb animation, the beautiful and elaborate artwork and an enchanting soundtrack. It is so great to see that there is such a great new talent in Japan, able to create a serious and intelligent story that can both entertain our senses and stimulate our mind. It is not surprising that both seasons of the TV series have received a great deal of acclaim, not only from anime fans, but also from those who seek serious science fiction shows.
As the “2nd Gig” starts, Section 9, which had been dissolved at the end of the 1st season, is resuming its job as an anti-cyberterrorist mobile unit. Although the team has returned, their work isn’t easy, and many difficulties lie ahead of them. The Japanese political landscape is changing and the government is keeping a close eye on their special police. The “Laughing Man” case might be solved, but it doesn’t take long for another terrorist organization, “The Individual Eleven,” to show up. Who are they? Are they the result of another “Stand Alone Complex”? They seem to be stirring up an uprising against the Asian immigrants and refugees. Could it be that simple? But some other politically-motivated forces seem to be at work. Can Major Motoko Kusanagi and her team unravel the complex overlapping political plots before they affect the nature of the government?
Technology might be omnipresent in Stand Alone Complex, but it is not overwhelming. In the “2nd Gig,” Director Kamiyama and Production I.G. keep an even greater focus on the human side of the story by exploring the characters’ hearts and emotions — even in the case of some of the terrorists. Each key member of Section 9 has a dedicated episode where we learn more about their past and personality. It is not done simply to paint a richer background; every single bit of information has its meaning. They also give a more humane face to the government (more likeable than the usual fat, corrupt, old minister) with the new Japanese prime minister, a young, good-looking lady who embodies the beauties (and sometime ineptitudes) of democracy. In contrast, there is the ugly face of Gohda, a shady character who embodies the threat of militarism. Also, the intelligent Tachikoma robots (their name means “standing, spinning top”) are back with a new, expanded sidekick role (definitely inspired by Motoko’s cute “helper” programs in the Man-Machine Interface manga). With their cute voices and comical comments, they give a human feel to the technology.
The terrorism and the Asian refugees’ problems seem to be an allusion to the Palestinian question and to some conspiracy theories that surfaced after 9/11 in Europe and in Japan (such as, American right wing groups being behind 9/11 in order to justify military action abroad and domestically limit civil liberties). But it is only used to emphasize the fact that, even in the future, terrorism — the favorite style of warfare of the 21st Century — is still omnipresent and we still haven’t found a way to deal with it. Despite all the advanced technology, humanity is still facing tremendous problems (war, pollution, corruption, poverty, overpopulation, crime). Nothing changes, and even the future’s future is still uncertain. Is there a solution to the crisis? Is there a possibility for us humans to be saved? The answer in “2nd Gig” might be in the origami cranes that appear in some episodes and that symbolize the prayers for peace and salvation. All we can do is, like Section 9, act with courage and determination (even if it means going against the rules sometimes), pray and hope for the best!
In conclusion, “2nd GIG” is even better than the first season. While still very political, dealing with terrorism and immigration problems, it also elaborates on more of the personal history of each of the main characters, including Major Kusanagi. The cyberpunk political intrigue is at moments a little complex, but it is the most intelligent anime series I have ever seen and it is superbly animated. It’s not all action, there’s also drama — and I did cry a few times. A real masterpiece! Of course, such an exceptionally excellent anime series cannot be seen only on TV. You have to purchase the DVD to watch it over and over again, to enjoy all the minute details of this superb animation and share the experience with your friends! And if after that you want more, the series was followed by a movie: Solid State Society.
> Please, read the warning for possible spoilers <<
Lady Kayabuki is Japan’s first female prime minister. She seems to be able to make calm decisions and to be in control, even with Aramaki. She accepts Aramaki’s application for more budget for Section 9. Strangely, she was already planning to end the government’s refugee policy by refusing new arrivals, cutting down on the immigration budget and reducing the refugee residential areas. But just before she would have announced the new policy, terrorists make anti-immigration demands that thwart her proposal!
The Invited Refugees
After the fourth non-nuclear war, Asian countries were in total chaos with millions of refugees, and many of them came to Japan to look for work. During the economical boom and the reconstruction, they were welcomed as a source of cheap labor, but when the economy got depressed, they became the target of the citizens’ frustration, and now many want to eliminate the refugee budget entirely.
The Individual Eleven
A terrorist organization group demanding the government stop accepting refugees, along with the reduction of the foreigners’ residential areas. No one seems to know who they are or the purpose behind their anti-immigration demands. Their name is inspired by the historic 5/15 incident (May 15th, 1932) when the Japanese Prime Minister Inukai Tsuyoshi was assassinated during an attempted coup by eleven young naval officers who wanted to establish a military government.
1. Starting Up Again / Re-embody
The Chinese Embassy is occupied by a group of terrorists, “The Individual Eleven.” They don’t seem to have a leader, and they demand an end to the Asian refugee policy of economic aid and support, and the closing of the refugees’ residential area. Aramaki succeeds in convincing the new prime minister, Kayabuki, to reinstate Section 9 and have them take action, but time is running out.
2. The “I” Of Satiation / Night Cruise
“Gino” is a helicopter pilot who came back from the war, and he’s having a hard time adjusting to reality. He tends to have delusions, making him see all sorts of conspiracies. As his mental illness worsens, his heart finds comfort only when he looks at the prostitute Hirara. Finally, he decides to go after the presidents of the three big networks. Can Major Kusanagi stop him?
3. Saturday Night & Sunday Morning / Cash Eye
“Cash Eye” is a group of thieves (most probably inspired by Tsukasa Hojo’s Cat’s Eye) threatening to steal the assets of Tadokoro Trading. The company’s president, Mr. Tadokoro, asks Section 9 for protection and, for some reason, Aramaki accepts. Section 9 goes to Mr. Tadokoro’s private party to set a trap for “Cash Eye.” Kusanagi comes wearing a sexy dress that arouses Tadokoro’s interest. But Section 9’s real purpose is actually to investigate the Tadokoro trading.
4. The Heavenly Enemy / Natural Enemy
A “Jigabachi-AV” Navy Helicopter goes out of control when its pilot falls unconscious and its AI rejects outside control. Other unmanned helicopters are then hacked and they join the first one over the refugees’ area, without apparent purpose. Who is behind this? Is there a link with the previous terrorist attacks? Gohda, a high ranking government official from the cabinet, shows up to give orders to Section 9.
5. Those Who With Motives / Inductance
“The Individual Eleven” send a threatening message to the prime minister! The Government asks Section 9 to protect her when she visits a temple. However, she is attacked by Kuze, a high performance cyborg.
[ More synopses can be found on Production I.G’s website ]
Airing Dates: The 2nd season aired in Japan on SkyPerfectTV’s Animax Pay-Per-View channel from 1/1/2004 to 1/8/2005 for a total of 26 episodes (the entire series has 52 episodes). It also aired in the USA on Cartoon Network’s Adult Swim.
Staff: Prod. Studio: Production I.G.; Dir.: Kenji Kamiyama; Scr.: Kenji Kamiyama, Dai Sato, Yoshiki Sakurai, Junichi Fujisaku, Yutaka Omatsu, Shotaro Suga (Based on the Manga by Shirow Masamune, with Story Concept by Mamoru Oshii); Storyboard: Kazunobu Fusegi, Masayuki Yoshihara, Masaki Tachibana, Jun Matsumoto, Toshiyuki Kono, Junji Nishimura, Itsuro Kawasaki; Char. Des.: Takayuki Goto, Tetsuya Nishio (original design by Makoto Shimomura); Mech. Des.: Kenji Teraoka, Shinobu Tsuneki; Anim. Dir.: Takayuki Goto, Satoru Nakamura, Kyoji Asano, Ryota Niino, Tetsuya Nishio, Toshiharu Murata; Backgr.: Hiroshi Kato; Art Dir.: Yusuke Takeda; 3D Dir.: Makoto Endo; Phot.: Koji Tanaka; Ed.: Junichi Uematsu; Music: Yoko Kanno; Exec. Prod.: Mitsuhisa Ishikawa, Shigeru Watanabe; Prod.: Production I.G, Bandai Visual, Bandai Entertainment, Dentsu, Nihon Television, Tokuma Shoten, Victor Entertainment, Manga Entertainment.
Cast: Atsuko Tanaka / Mary Elizabeth McGlynn (Major), Akio Ôtsuka / Richard Epcar (Batou), Osamu Saka / William Frederick Knight (Aramaki), Kôichi Yamadera / Crispin Freeman (Togusa), Yutaka Nakano / Michael McCarty (Ishikawa), Taro Yamaguchi / Tarô Yamaguchi (Borma), Toru Ohkawa / Dave Wittenberg (Saito), Takashi Onozuka / Bob Buchholz (Paz), Sakiko Tamagawa / Carrie Savage (Tachikoma).
DVD Release: Bandai Entertainment/Manga, #25267 (ISBN 978-1-59409-834-5), Bilingual DVD (English and Japanese audio, with English subtitles), 650 min. (26 x 25 min., 7 discs), 13+. Also avail. on a 4-disc Blu-Ray set ($US 69.99).
Others: The franchise was complemented by three novels (available from Dark Horse), two OVA (The Laughing Man, Individual Eleven) and a movie (GITS: SAC -Solid State Society). A new ONA series titled Ghost in the Shell: SAC_2045 will air on Netflix on April 23, 2020 [ Arstechnica • Google • Netflix • Youtube Trailer 2 • Youtube Final Trailer ].
You can also check the trailer from Youtube:
For more information you can consult the following web sites:
Ghost in the Shell: Stand Alone Complex 2nd Gig © Masumune Shirow • Production I.G. / Kodansha • Ghost In The Shell Production Committee.
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